I thought it might be useful to post a bibliography of most of the sources I’ve looked at in the past couple of years, both for my Louis biography and while researching for my novels. These vary wildly from the specialist to the general: those which might be particularly useful to the English-speaking newcomer to thirteenth-century history are highlighted in bold.

Primary sources

Anonymous of Béthune, Histoire des Ducs de Normandie et des Rois d’Angleterre, ed. by F. Michelet (Paris: 1840)

—– Chronique des Rois de France, in Recueil des Historiens des Gaules et de la France, vol. 24, ed. by L. Delisle (Paris: 1870)

Barnwell Annalist, Memoriale Walteri de Coventria, ed. by W. Stubbs, 2 vols (London: Longman, 1879-80)

La Chanson de la Croisade Albigeoise, ed. by Henri Gougaud (Paris: Livres de Poche Lettres Gothiques, 1989)

Conon de Lausanne, Cartulaire du Chapitre de Notre Dame de Lausanne, ed. by A. Jahn, F. Forel and F. de Gingins (Lausanne: 1851)

Delisle, L. (ed.), Catalogue des actes de Philippe Auguste (Paris: 1885)

Dunstable Annalist, Annals of Dunstable Priory, in Annales Monastici, ed. by H. Luard, 5 vols (London: Rolls Series, 1864–69), vol. 3

Epistolae Innocentii papae III, ed. by J. P. Migne (Paris: 1855)

Ex Chronico Turonensi auctore anonyme S. Martini Turonensis canonico, in Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France, vol. 18, ed. by Michel-Jean-Joseph Brial (Paris: 1822), pp. 290–322 

Extraits d’un abrégé de l’histoire de France, in Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France, vol. 17, ed. by Michel-Jean-Joseph Brial (Paris: 1818), pp. 428–32

Gerald of Wales, Giraldi Cambrensis Opera, ed. by J. S. Brewer, J. F. Dimcock and G. F. Warner, 8 vols (London: Rolls Series, 1861–91)

—– Gerald of Wales: On the Instruction of Princes, trans. by Jospeh Stevenson (London: Selleys, 1858; repr. Felinfach: Llanerch, 1991)

Gestes du roi Louis VIII, extraits des Grands Chroniques de France dites de Saint-Denis, in Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France, vol. 17, ed. by Michel-Jean-Joseph Brial (Paris: 1818), pp. 417–21

Giles de Flagi, Histoire de Philippe Auguste, prologue published by Paul Meyer, Romania, 6 (1877), 494–98

L’Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal, ed. by Paul Meyer, 3 vols (Paris: Renouard, 1891–1901)

The History of the Holy War: Ambroise’s Estoire de la Guerre Sainte, ed. and trans. by Marianne Ailes and Malcolm Barber, 2 vols (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

History of William Marshal, ed. and trans. by A. J. Holden, S. Gregory and D. Crouch, 3 vols (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 2002–06)

The Letters and Charters of Cardinal Guala Bicchieri, Papal Legate in England 1216–1218, ed. by Nicholas Vincent (Woodbridge: Canterbury and York Society, 1996)

The Letters of Pope Innocent III (1198–1216) concerning England and Wales, ed. by C. R. Cheney and M. G. Cheney (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967)

The Life of Saint Hugh of Lincoln, ed. and trans. by D. L. Douie and H. Farmer, 2 vols (Edinburgh: Nelson, 1962)

Matthew Paris, Matthei Parisiensis, Monachi Sanctii Albani, Chronica Majora, ed. by H. R. Luard (London: Rolls Series, 1884–89)

—– Matthei Parisiensis Historia Anglorum, ed. by F. Maddern (London: Rolls Series, 1866–69)

—– Chronicles of Matthew Paris, ed. and trans. by Richard Vaughan (Gloucester: Sutton, 1986)

Nicholas de Bray, Gesta Ludovici VIII, Francorum Regis, in Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France, vol. 17, ed. by Michel-Jean-Joseph Brial (Paris: 1818),  pp. 311–45

—– ‘Des Faits et des Gestes de Louis VIII’, in Rigord, Vie de Philippe Auguste, ed. and trans. F. Guizot (Paris: Brière, 1825), pp. 385–463

Peter of Les-Vaux-de-Cernay, The History of the Albigensian Crusade, trans. by W. A. and M. D. Sibly (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998)

—– (as Petrus Vallium Sarnaii), Historia Albigensis, ed. and trans. by Pascal Guébin and Henri Maisonneuve (Paris: Vrin, 1951)

Philip Mousket, Chronique rimée, ed. by Baron de Reiffenburg (Brussels: Academie royale de Bruxelles, 1836)

Le Premier budget de la monarchie française: Le Compte général de 1202–1203, ed. by Ferdinand Lot and Robert Fawtier (Paris: Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes, 1932)

Pressutti, Petrus, Regesta Honorii papae III (Rome: 1888; repr. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag, 1978)

Ralph of Coggeshall, Radulphi de Coggeshall Chronicon Anglicanum, ed. by J. Stevenson (London: Rolls Series, 1875)

Récits d’un ménestrel de Reims, ed. by Natalis de Wailly (Paris: Librairie Renouard, 1876)

Richard of Devizes, The Chronicle of Richard of Devizes, ed. and trans. by John Tate Appleby (London: Nelson, 1963)

Rigord, Oeuvres de Rigord et de Guillaume le Breton, ed. by H. F. Delaborde (Paris: 1882)

—– Vie de Philippe Auguste, ed. and trans. F. Guizot (Paris: Brière, 1825)

—– Histoire de Philippe Auguste, ed. and trans. Elisabeth Carpentier, Georges Pon and Yves Chauvin, Sources d’histoire médiévale 33 (Paris: CNRS, 2006)

Roger of Hoveden, The Annals of Roger of Hoveden, trans. by Henry T. Riley, 3 vols (London: 1853; repr. Felinfach: Llanerch, 1997)

Roger of Wendover, Rogeri de Wendover Liber Qui Dicitur Flores Historiarum, ed. by H. G. Hewlett (London: Rolls Series, 1886–87)

Roger of Wendover’s Flowers of History, trans. by J. A. Giles, 2 vols (London: Henry G. Bohn, 1849; repr. Felinfach: Llanerch, 1995–96)

The Sanctity of Louis IX: Early Lives of Saint Louis by Geoffrey of Beaulieu and William of Chartres, trans. by Larry F. Field, ed. by M. Cecilia Gaposchkin and Sean L. Field (Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2014)

The Song of the Cathar Wars. A History of the Albigensian Crusade, trans. by Janet Shirley (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1996)

Stone, Edward Noble, Three Old French Chronicles of the Crusades (Seattle: Washington University Press, 1939)

Two Medieval Outlaws: Eustace the Monk and Fouke Fitz Waryn, ed. and trans. by Glyn Burgess (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997)

Vie de Louis VIII, in Rigord, Vie de Philippe Auguste, ed. and trans. F. Guizot (Paris: Brière, 1825), pp. 354–83

Waverley Annalist, Annals of Waverley Abbey, in Annales Monastici, ed. by H. Luard, 5 vols (London: Rolls Series, 1864-69), vol. 2

William the Breton, Oeuvres de Rigord et de Guillaume le Breton, ed. by H. F. Delaborde (Paris: 1882)

—– La Philippide, ed. and trans. F. Guizot, Collection des Mémoires relatifs à l’histoire de France (Paris: Brière, 1825)

William of Puylaurens, The Albigensian Crusade and its Aftermath, ed. and trans. W. A. Sibly and M. D. Sibly (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)


Secondary sources

Allmand, Christopher, ‘The Reporting of War in the Middle Ages’, in War and Society in Medieval and Early Modern Britain, ed. by Diana Dunn (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000), pp. 17–33

—– ‘War and the Non-Combatant in the Middle Ages’, in Medieval Warfare: A History, ed. by Maurice Keen (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), pp. 253–72

Asbridge, Thomas, The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshal, the Power Behind Five English Thrones (London: Simon and Schuster, 2015)

Audoin, Edouard, Essai sur l’armée royale au temps de Philippe Auguste (Paris: Champion, 1913)

Baldwin, John W., Paris, 1200 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010; orig. Paris: Éditions Flammarion, 2006)

—– ‘Master Stephen Langton, Future Archbishop of Canterbury: The Paris Schools and Magna Carta’, English Historical Review, 123 (2008), 811–46

—– Aristocratic Life in Medieval France (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000)

—– ‘Le Sens de Bouvines’, Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale, 30 (1987), 119–30

—– The Government of Philip Augustus: Foundations of French Royal Power in the Middle Ages (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986)

Barlow, Frank, The Feudal Kingdom of Engalnd 1042–1216 (5th revised edition, Harlow: Longman, 1999; orig. 1955)

Bartlett, Robert, Gerald of Wales: a Voice of the Middle Ages (Stroud: The History Press, 2006)

—– England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, 1075–1225 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000)

Bartlett, W. B., God Wills It! An Illustrated History of the Crusades (Stroud: Sutton, 1999)

Bautier, Robert-Henri, La France de Philippe Auguste – Le temps des mutations  (Paris: Éditions du CNRS, 1982)

Bennett, Matthew (ed.), The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient and Medieval Warfare (Oxford: Helicon, 1998)

Berrou, Oliver, The Contribution of Louis VIII to the Advancement of Capetian France(Saarbrücken: Lambert Academic Publishing, 2013)

Berthelot, Anne, Histoire de la littérature française du moyen âge (Paris: Editions Nathan, 1989)

Bliese, John, ‘The Just War as Concept and Motive in the Central Middle Ages’, Medievalia et Humanistica, 17 (1991), 1–26

Bloch, R. Howard, Etymologies and Genealogies: A Literary Anthropology of the French Middle Ages (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1983)

Bolton, J. L., ‘The English Economy in the Early Thirteenth Century’, in King John: New Interpretations, ed. by S. D. Church (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999), pp. 27–40

Born, Lester, ‘The Perfect Prince: A Study in Thirteenth- and Fourteenth-Century Ideals’, Speculum, 3 (1928), 470–504

Bradbury, Jim, The Capetians: Kings of France 987–1328 (London: Continuum, 2007)

—– The Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare (London: Routledge, 2004)

—– ‘Philip Augustus and King John: Personality and History’, in King John: New Interpretations, ed. by S. D. Church (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999), pp. 347–61

—– Philip Augustus (London and New York: Longman, 1998)

—– The Medieval Siege (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1992)

Breisach, Ernst, Historiography: Ancient, Medieval and Modern (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1983)

Brereton, Geoffrey, A Short History of French Literature (London: Penguin, 1961)

Brooks, F. W. and F. Oakley, ‘The Campaign and Battle of Lincoln 1217’, Associated Architectural Societies’ Reports and Papers, vol. 26, part 2 (1922)

Broughton, Bradford (ed.) Dictionary of Medieval Knighthood and Chivalry (London: Greenwood, 1986)

Cannon, Henry, ‘The Battle of Sandwich and Eustace the Monk’, English Historical Review, 27 (1912), 649–70

Carpenter, David, Magna Carta (London: Penguin Classics, 2015)

—– ‘Abbot Ralph of Coggeshall’s Account of the Last Years of King Richard and the First Years of King John’, English Historical Review, 113 (1998), 1210–30

—– The Minority of Henry III (London: Methuen, 1990)

Carpentier, Elisabeth, ‘Les Historiens royaux et le pouvoir Capétien: d’Helgaud de Fleury à Guillaume le Breton’, in L’Historiographie médiévale en Europe, ed. by Jean-Philippe Genet (Paris: Éditions du CNRS, 1991)

Cassagnes-Brouquet, Sophie, Les Métiers au Moyen Âge (Rennes: Éditions Ouest-France, 2014)

Chamberlin, E. R., Life in Medieval France (London: Batsford, 1967)

Cheney, Christopher, Pope Innocent III and England (Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1976)

Church, Stephen, King John: England, Magna Carta and the Making of a Tyrant(London: Macmillan, 2015)

Church, S. D., ‘King John’s Testament and the Last Days of his Reign’, English Historical Review, 125 (2010), 505–28

—– (ed.), King John: New Interpretations (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999)

Coleman, Janet, Ancient and Medieval Memories: Studies in the Reconstruction of the Past(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992)

Contamine, Philippe, La Guerre au moyen âge (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1992)

—– War in the Middle Ages, trans. by Michael Jones (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992)

—– ‘L’Armée de Philippe Auguste’, in La France de Philippe Auguste: actes du colloque international organisé par le CNRS (Paris: Editions CNRS, 1982), pp. 577–94

Cormack, Margaret, ‘Approaches to Childbirth in the Middle Ages’, Journal of the History of Sexuality, 21 (2012), 201–07

Crosland, Jessie, Medieval French Literature (Oxford: Blackwell, 1956)

Crouch, David, ‘Baronial Paranoia in King John’s Reign’, in Magna Carta and the England of King John, ed. by Janet S. Loengard (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2010), pp. 45–62

—– ‘The Complaint of King John against William de Briouze’, in Magna Carta and the England of King John, ed. by Janet S. Loengard (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2010), pp. 168–79

—– William Marshal: Court, Career and Chivalry in the Angevin Empire 1147–1219 (Harlow: Longman, 1990)

Danziger, Danny and John Gillingham, 1215: The Year of Magna Carta (London: Hodder, 2003)

Delorme, Philippe, Blanche de Castille, Histoire des Reines de France (Paris: Pygmalion, 2002)

DeVries, Kelly, Medieval Military Technology (Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 1992)

Duby, Georges, France in the Middle Ages 987–1460, trans. by Juliet Vale (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994)

—– The Legend of Bouvines: War, Religion and Culture in the Middle Ages, trans. by Catherine Tihanyi (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1990)

—– Le dimanche de Bouvines (Paris: Gallimard, 1985; orig. 1973)

—–The Chivalrous Society, trans. by Cynthia Postan (London: Arnold, 1977)

Duncan, A. A. M., ‘John King of England and the Kings of Scots’, in King John: New Interpretations, ed. by S. D. Church (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999), pp. 247–71

Faulkner, Kathryn, ‘The Knights in the Magna Carta Civil War’, in Thirteenth-Century England VIII: Proceedings of the Durham Conference 1999 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2001), pp. 1–12

Fawtier, R., The Capetian Kings of France: Monarchy and Nation 987–1328 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1960)

—– ‘Un fragment du compte de l’hôtel du prince Louis de France pour le terme de la Purification 1213’, Le Moyen Age, 46 (1933), 225–50

Fleischmann, Suzanne, ‘On the Representation of History and Fiction in the Middle Ages’, History and Theory, 22 (1983), 278–310

Flori, Jean, Chevaliers et chevalerie au Moyen Age (Paris: Hachette, 1998)

—– La Chevalerie en France au Moyen Age (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1995)

The Foundation for Medieval

France, John, Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades 1000–1300 (London: University College London Press, 1999)

Galbraith, V. H., Roger Wendover and Matthew Paris (Glasgow: University of Glasgow, 1970; orig. 1944)

—– ‘Good and Bad Kings in History’, History, 30 (1945), 119–32

Gaposchkin, M. Cecilia, The Making of Saint Louis: Kingship, Sanctity and Crusade in the Later Middle Ages (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2010)

Gillingham, John, ‘The Anonymous of Béthune, King John and Magna Carta’, in Magna Carta and the England of King John, ed. by Janet S. Loengard (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2010), pp. 27–44

—– ‘At the Deathbeds of the Kings of England, 1066–1216’, in Herrscher- und Fürstentestamente im Westeuropäischen Mittelalter, ed. by Brigitte Kasten (Cologne, Weimar and Vienna: Böhlau-Verlag, 2008), pp. 509–30

—– The Angevin Empire, 2nd edition (London: Bloomsbury, 2001)

—– ‘Historians Without Hindsight: Coggeshall, Diceto and Howden on the Early Years of John’s Reign’, in King John: New Interpretations, ed. by S. D. Church (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999), pp. 1–26

—– ‘War and Chivalry in the History of William the Marshal’, in Thirteenth-Century England II: Proceedings of the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Conference 1985, ed. by P. R. Coss and S. D. Lloyd (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1986), pp. 1–13

Gobry, Ivan, Louis VIII, fils de Philippe II, 1223–1226 (Paris: Pygmalion, 2009)

Goodall, John, ‘Dover Castle and the Great Siege of 1216’, Château Gaillard, 19 (2000), 91–102

Gransden, Antonia, Historical Writing in England, vol. I: c.550–c.1307 (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974)

Hallam, Elizabeth, Capetian France 987–1328 (London: Longman, 1980)

Hanley, Catherine, ‘Chivalric Biographies’, in Oxford Encyclopaedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology, ed. by Clifford Rogers, 3 vols (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010)

—– War and Combat 1150–1270: the Evidence from Old French Literature (Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 2003)

—– ‘Reading the Past through the Present: Ambroise, the Minstrel of Reims and Jordan Fantosme’, Medievalia, 20 (2001), 263–81

Harvey, P. D. A., ‘The English Inflation of 1180–1220’, Past and Present, 61 (1973), 3–30

Hattendorf, J. and R. Unger (eds), War at Sea in the Middle Ages and Renaissance(Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

Hill, J. W. F., Medieval Lincoln (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1948)

Holt, James Clarke, Magna Carta, 2nd edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992; orig. 1965)

—– Magna Carta and Medieval Government (London: Hambledon Press, 1985)

—– The Northeners (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1961)

—– ‘The Barons and the Great Charter’, English Historical Review, 70 (1955), 1–24

Howard, Michael, War in European History (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977)

Kaeuper, Richard, Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999)

Keen, Maurice, Chivalry (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984)

Keene, D., ‘Medieval London and its Region’, London Journal, 14 (1989), 99–111

Legge, M. Dominica, Anglo-Norman Literature and its Background (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963)

LeGoff, Jacques, Saint Louis, trans. by Gareth Evan Gollrad (Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2009)

Loengard, Janet S. (ed.), Magna Carta and the England of King John (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2010)

Luchaire, Achille, ‘La Condamnation de Jean Sans-Terre par la cour de France’, Revue Historique 27 (1900), 285–90

The Magna Carta

McGlynn, Sean, ‘Kill Them All!’ Cathars and Carnage: Warfare in the Albigensian Crusade(Stroud: Spellmount, 2015)

—– Blood Cries Afar: the Forgotten Invasion of England 1216 (Stroud: Spellmount, 2011)

—– ‘Louis VIII’, in in Oxford Encyclopaedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology, ed. by Clifford Rogers, 3 vols (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010)

—– By Sword and Fire: Cruelty and Atrocity in Medieval Warfare (London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 2008)

—– ‘Roger of Wendover and the Wars of Henry III, 1216–1234’, in England and Europe in the Reign of Henry III, 1216-1272, ed. by Björn Weiler and Ifor Rowlands (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002)

Meuleau, Maurice, Histoire de la Chevalerie (Rennes: Éditions Ouest-France, 2014)

Meyer, Paul, ‘L’Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal, Comte de Striguil et de Pembroke, Régent d’Angleterre. Poème français inconnu’, Romania, 11 (1882), 22–74

Morris, Marc, King John: Treachery, Tyranny and the Road to Magna Carta (London: Hutchinson, 2015)

Nicolle, David, Medieval Warfare Source Book, 2 vols (London: Brockhampton Press, 1998)

—– French Medieval Armies 1000–1300 (London: Osprey, 1991)

O’Callaghan, Joseph, A History of Medieval Spain (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1975)

Oksanen, Elijas, Flanders and the Anglo-Norman World, 1066–1216 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012)

Oldenbourg, Zoe, Massacre at Montségur, trans. by Peter Green (London: Phoenix, 1998; orig. 1961)

Orme, Nicholas, Medieval Children (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001)

—– From Childhood to Chivalry: the Education of the English Kings and Aristocracy 1066–1530 (London: Methuen, 1984)

Painter, Sidney, Medieval Society (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1951) 

—– French Chivalry: Chivalric Ideals and Practice in Medieval France (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1940)

—– William Marshal: Knight Errant, Baron and Regent of England (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1933)

Papin, Yves D., Chronologie du moyen âge (Paris: Editions Jean-Paul Gisserot, 2001)

Partner, Nancy, Serious Entertainments: The Writing of History in Twelfth Century England(Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1977)

Pegg, Mark Gregory, A Most Holy War: the Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for Christendom (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008)

Perry, Guy, John of Brienne: King of Jerusalem, Emperor of Constantinople, c. 1175–1237(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013)

Petit-Dutaillis, Charles, Étude sur la vie et le règne de Louis VIII 1187–1226 (Paris: Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes, 1894)

Power, Daniel, ‘Who went on the Albigensian Crusade?’ English Historical Review, 128 (2013), 1047–85

—– ‘Les dernières années du régime angevin en Normandie’, in Plantagenêts et Capétiens: confrontations et héritages, ed. by Martin Aurell and Yves Tonnerre (Turnhout: Brepols, 2006), pp. 163–92

—–The Norman Frontier in the Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)

Powicke, F. M., The Thirteenth Century, 2nd edition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1962)

Prestwich, J. O., ‘Military Intelligence under the Norman and Angevin Kings’, in Law and Government in Medieval England and Normandy, ed. G. Garnett and J. Hudson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 1–30

Prestwich, Michael, ‘The Garrisoning of English Medieval Castles’, in The Normans and Their Adversaries at War, ed. by Richard Abels and Bernard S. Bachrach (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2001), pp. 185–200

—– Armies and Warfare in the Middle Ages: the English Experience (London: Yale University Press, 1996)

Richardson, H. G., ‘Letters of the Legate Guala’, English Historical Review, 48 (1933), 250–59

Riley-Smith, Jonathan, The Crusades: A Short History (London: Athlone, 1987)

Riley-Smith, Louise and Jonathan, The Crusades: Idea and Reality, 1095–1274 (London: Edward Arnold, 1981)

Rogers, Clifford (ed.), Oxford Encyclopaedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology, 3 vols (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010)

Runciman, Steven, A History of the Crusades, 3 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1951–54)

Russell, Frederick, The Just War in the Middle Ages (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975)

Sivéry, Gérard, Louis VIII le lion (Paris: Fayard, 1995)

—– Blanche de Castille (Paris: Fayard, 1990)

Smith, J. Beverley, ‘The Treaty of Lambeth, 1217’, English Historical Review, 94 (1979), 562–79

Spiegel, Gabrielle, The Past as Text: The Theory and Practice of Medieval Historiography(London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997)

—– Romancing the Past: The Rise of Vernacular Prose Historiography in Thirteenth-Century France (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993)

Stephen, Leslie and Sidney Lee (eds), Dictionary of National Biography, 63 vols (London: Smith, Elder & Co, 1885–1900);

Strayer, Joseph, The Albigensian Crusades (Michigan: University of Michigan Press, 1992)

Strickland, Matthew, War and Chivalry (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996)

—– ‘Against the Lord’s Anointed: Aspects of Warfare and Baronial Rebellion in England and Normandy, 1075–1265’, in Law and Government in Medieval England and Normandy, ed. by George Garnett and John Hudson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 56–79

Stringer, K. J., ‘The War of 1215–17 in its Context’, in The Reign of Alexander II, 1214–49, ed. by Richard Oram (Leiden: Brill, 2005), pp. 99–156

Sumption, Jonathan, The Albigensian Crusade (London: Faber & Faber, 1978)

Thompson, Kathleen, Power and Border Lordship in Medieval France: The County of the Perche, 1000–1226 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002)

Tilley, Arthur (ed.), Medieval France (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1922)

Tout, T. F., ‘The Fair of Lincoln and the Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal’, English Historical Review, 18 (1903), 240–65

Trotter, D. A., Medieval French Literature and the Crusades (Geneva: Droz, 1987)

Turner, Ralph V., ‘England in 1215: An Authoritarian Angevin Dynasty Facing Multiple Threats’, in Magna Carta and the England of King John, ed. by Janet S. Loengard (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2010), pp. 10–26

—– King John (London: Longman, 1994)

Tyson, Diana, ‘Patronage of French Vernacular History Writers in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries’, Romania, 100 (1979), 180–222

Vale, Malcolm, The Ancient Enemy: England, France and Europe from the Angevins to the Tudors (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2009)

—– War and Chivalry (London: Duckworth, 1981)

Vaughan, Richard, Matthew Paris (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1958; repr. 1979)

Verbruggen, J. F., The Art of Warfare in Western Europe in the Middle Ages, trans. by Sumner Willard and S. C. M. Southern (Oxford: North-Holland, 1977)

Vincent, Nicholas, Magna Carta: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012)

—– Peter des Roches: an Alien in English Politics 1205–1238 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002)

—– ‘Isabelle of Angoulême: John’s Jezebel’, in King John: New Interpretations, ed. by S. D. Church (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999), pp. 165–219

Viney, William, ‘The Significance of Twins in Medieval and Early Modern Europe’, paper presented at the Annual Association for Medical Humanities Conference, 2013, available at

Volkmann, Jean-Charles, Généalogies complètes des rois de France (Paris: Editions Jean-Paul Gisserot, 1999)

Wakefield, Walter, Heresy, Crusade & Inquisition in Southern France 1100–1250 (London: Allen & Unwin, 1974)

Warren, John, The Past and its Presenters (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1998)

Warren, W. L., King John (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1997, orig. 1961)

—– The Governance of Anglo-Norman and Angevin England, 1086–1272 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987)

Weir, Alison, Britain’s Royal Families: the Complete Genealogy (London: Vintage, 2008)

Wilkinson, Louise, Women in Thirteenth-Century Lincolnshire (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2007)

Zimmerman, Jean, ‘Etude sur la Chanson de la Croisade Albigeoise’, La Nouvelle Tour de Feu, 28 (1993), 123–38

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